Задания для сверки
Индивидуальное домашнее задание №1 (вариант 4)
1. Read the
text and decide whether these statements are true or false.
1) The US
government makes full use of economic tools.
president takes all the necessary initiatives to ensure the growth and
of the United States.
3) The recession
the USA economy
is due to
large spending on
consumers are greatly dependent on national debt.
5) The USA
has lost their leading role in the world economy because of the
of the economies of
such countries as Brazil, Russia,
national debt of the USA is as large as the one of Japan.
United States of America has the world's largest economy. 2007
believed to be three times the size of the next largest economy, Japan.
has been eroded
by the creation
of the European
and by the
rapid growth of
the BRIC economies,
recent failure in the US housing and credit markets has resulted
slowdown in the US economy. The forces of supply and demand directly
price levels of goods and services. What to produce, and how much
of it is to
be produced depends on the price level fixed by the interaction of
3. The role
of government in the US economy is very important when it
decision-making in monetary
and fiscal policies.
all the necessary
initiatives to ensure
the growth and
the United States.
The US government
makes full use of
tools such as money supply, tax rates, and credit control to adjust
the rate of
economic growth. The US Federal Government also regulates the
of private business concerns in order to prevent monopolies. The
provides support for national defense, monetary aid for research
programs, funds for
highway construction and
infrastructure in general.
question of national
debt is a
controversial one within
consumers are also increasingly dependent on debt and have been
their houses to higher loan amounts, and using the extra cash
shopping. This debt
figure is the
largest in the
world in absolute
as a percentage of GDP it is less than Japan and similar to several
Most of the
debt is funded
by central banks
sovereign wealth funds from Asia, Europe and the
Индивидуальное домашнее задание 2 (4 вариант)
the amount ofgoods produced
inrelation tothe work, time and money needed toproduce them. There are
for companies to
improve productivity: by installing
more up-to-date technology,
for example. Many
and suppliers have a system of just-in-time delivery, which
cost of carrying large
quantities of stock.
doing something efficiently:
not wasting time
some of your favourite products. Why do you like them? What
do they say
about you? Which of these products could you not do without?
product would you most like to own? Why?
you agree or
disagree with these
statements? Give reasons
animals to test new products is wrong.
Multinational companies which
manufacture products in
help the world economy.
* Companies spend far too much on launching and
promoting new products.
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